There are 3 tenses: past, present, and future. We’ll start with the basic rules for all tenses and then break down the tenses with examples.
2 ways to add tense to your ASL sentences.
1: Put the tense in the beginning of the sentence.
If you’ve seen the sentence structure: Time + Topic + Comment
Tense is the TIME portion.
We’ll talk about what time words you can use when we talk about the specific tenses.
2: Put the tense immediately in front of the word it affects.
The tense sign is signed faster and smaller than usual. The sign attached to it is signed immediately after.
Past tense in ASL
At the beginning of the sentence you can use signs like:
2 WEEKS AGO
YESTERDAY STORE I GO
RECENT MYSELF TEXAS MOVE INDIANA
In front of the word you sign FINISH
You don’t always use this FINISH method. It’s best to do the tense at the beginning of the sentence. Here are other ways you can sign ran and jumped:
YESTERDAY I RUN
PAST I JUMP
You have the time at the beginning of the sentence and it still means the past tense of the word later on.
The TENSE+SIGN is a great method to use if you forget, it’s a longer message and you want to make sure they don’t miss the tense, or if you want to emphasize the tense for other reasons.
Present tense in ASL
These are the signs you use at the beginning of the sentence.
For in front of the word you sign NOW.
TODAY DANCE PRACTICE SHE HAVE
HURRY WE GO NOW-NEED
How do I say right now in ASL?
If you want to show the immediacy you would not sign RIGHT now (because that’s not the correct meaning), instead you show it with your mouth, face, body, and the way you sign it << your non-manual markers
Want to know more about non-manual markers? Join the free ASL Foundations course: